SC on Work & Organisation

EFPA Work and Organization Working Group Report 2021-2023 #1

A short summary of theories and research findings related to the psychosocial work environment and 1) work-related health, 2) engagement and 3) productivity and organizational success.

For the scope of this report, we used as theoretical framework the Job Demands–Resources model (JD-R) proposed by Bakker and Demerouti (2016) in line with the previous work developed by EFPA (

The JD-R model suggests that the resources in a work environment can have positive effects on employees, including motivation, well-being, and better performance. Examples of resources include social support and job control, which provide opportunities for employees to go above and beyond their minimum work requirements. In contrast, demands in the work context, such as workload and time pressure, are associated with stress, which can have negative effects on performance and well-being (Bakker et al., 2004, 2005; Bakker & Demerouti, 2007). The model emphasizes that resources offer potential rewards, while demands pose threats to work and personal outcomes. Demands are more likely to predict stress experiences, while resources are more likely to predict motivation. The model also highlights that resources can have a key role in buffering the negative effect job demands have on wellbeing.


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